On Easter Island lived a people without any relationship with other cultures for 10 centuries (from the 9th to the 19th century).
It is a unique situation in the history of humanity. This people has invented its culture and it is interesting to compare it with those of the people who built theirs in the course of multiple exchanges with their neighbors. This is an experimental situation that raises the question of "cultural invariants" in the human race.
The arrivals in the ninth century are a few dozen people on canoes, with some plants and some animals. They settle in the shelter of their returned canoes and practice breeding and cultivation. It is this population that sculpts these immense statues: the "moais", who invent a rudiment of writing and who is organized, dividing the island into districts, with a king, priests, nobles, a small people and also slaves.
The cultural evolution of this people questions the genesis of human cultures. Psychoanalytic theories provide some elements of understanding.
Guy Darcourt, former professor of psychiatry at the Faculty of Medicine of Nice
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